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T. J. Peddy Collection (MC 36)


Biographical Note

Thomas Joseph (Joe) Peddy was born in in 1910 in Loachpoka, Lee County, Alabama. He died in 1990, and is buried there as well. According to the Auburn University archives website, he received a Bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering from Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University) in 1931 and a Bachelor's degree in Aeronautical Engineering from there in 1932. He worked for Eastern Air Lines from 1947 until 1975 when he retired to Columbus, Georgia, then collected research materials on historical subjects relating to East Alabama and West Georgia until his death in 1990. His modus operandi was to collect all the information he could find relating to a particular topic, especially from newspapers, and then to create typescripts or photocopy the sources and to bind and distribute them to various libraries and repositories in the area. His works serve as an excellent source of information on a wide range of topics.

Scope and Contents

One of Peddy's major interests was the Creek Indians in Georgia and Alabama. He compiled an extensive collection of typescripts or photocopies of materials dealing with the Creeks, primarily from National Archives microfilm as well as from The American State Papers, Peter Brannon's files at the Alabama Department of Archives & History, Emory University Special Collections in regard to the Asbury Mission, and newspapers in the case of the Creek War. These are hand bound and labeled as follows: Creek Letters, January 1832-1849 (19 volumes); Creek Wars, 1835-1837 (1 volume); Creek Letters, Investigations of General D.B. Mitchell (1 volume); Capers-Crowell Controversy and Asbury Mission (1 volume); and Letters of John Floyd (1 volume). These are essential primary documents for understanding the complexity of Creek diplomacy and the controversies surrounding their removal from Georgia and Alabama.

Peddy compiled 27 hand bound volumes entitled “Steamboats on the Chattahoochee River, 1832-1902”, an extensive record of primary material about riverboats and river navigation on the Chattahoochee as seen from Columbus. He made typescripts of all the newspaper articles on the topic from the Columbus Enquirer and other newspapers.

Since John H. Martin did not have access to the Enquirer for years 1835 & 1836, he could not include the marriages and deaths for those years in his history, Columbus , Georgia , 1827-1865, an important source for genealogists. Joe Peddy was able to extract this information from these years and compiled them in a volume entitled “Marriages and Deaths from the Columbus Enquirer, 1835-1836.” His “Columbus and the Civil War” contains excerpts from Columbus newspapers, January 7, 1862 – April 17, 1866, of articles dealing with the war effort, industrial activities, hospitals, local morale and attitudes, defenses of the city, the actions of federal troops during Reconstruction, and incidents involving Freedmen. It also includes typescripts and photocopied excerpts from the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion concerning the Battle of Columbus and excerpts from student papers produced for Joseph B. Mahan.

His “Springer Opera House, 1871,” replicates articles relating to the construction and opening of the Springer Opera House, August 9, 1870 – December 31, 1871. Another of his hand bound volumes, “The Christian Commonwealth”, provides transcriptions of newspaper articles about this utopian colony, November 24, 1896 – October 13, 1903, from its founding until its ending in receivership. Christian Socialists established the community in the area of Midland, Georgia. Peddy's volume also includes W. C. Woodall articles concerning this utopian venture, reprints of articles from the Georgia Historical Quarterly, maps of its location, and a copy of the deed concerning the sale of the land.

Peddy created transcripts of several old series of columns which focused on Columbus history. “Newspaper Articles on the Woolfolk, Camp, and Milton Controversy,” (January 28, 1832-November 2, 1833, & September 3, 1887) details the duel of General (Georgia militia) Sowell Woolfolk and Major Joseph T. Camp, which resulted in the death of Woolfolk, and the subsequent murder of Camp by John Milton and Milton's trial. A series of columns entitled “Olden Days in Columbus” by Thomas J. Jackson describe Columbus from 1842 to 1856 in some detail. Reminiscences of Columbus by John E. Lamar, was a column that ran in the Columbus Enquirer-Sun from September 20, 1891, until November 15, 1891. Lamar had lived in Columbus from 1829 until 1860. He dealt with the early progress of the city, the Creek Indian war, public roads, buildings, politics, the visit of President Martin Van Buren, the Palace mills, currency, the old fields school, and the first fairs. Transcriptions of Columbus Enquirer-Sun, January 5, 1896, give an extensive chronology of events that year. “The Unwritten History of Columbus, Told Most Interestingly by Mr. (A.O.) Blackmar,” published as 8 articles in the Columbus Ledger, depicts the river, the town, the downtown buildings, James S. Calhoun who became Territorial Governor of New Mexico, the 1st Presbyterian Church, Wilson's raid, the confrontation between local whites and black soldiers during Reconstruction, criminals, other incidents, etc. “Our Town” consists of 7 volumes, with an index, of W. C. Woodall's columns which appeared in the Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, from 1963-1971.

1817-1971 4 boxes (4 l.f.)

Note to Researchers:

See also:

Auburn University Special Collections and Archives Department.

Guide to the Thomas Joseph (T. J.) Peddy Collection, RG 867

W. C. Woodall Collection, MC 33

Permission to Publish

Permission to publish material from the T.J. Peddy Collection must be obtained from the Columbus State University Archives. Use of the following credit line for publication or exhibit is required:

T. J. Peddy Collection (MC 36)
Columbus State University
Columbus, Georgia

Box and Folder List

Box 1

1 Reminiscences of W. B. Page (1883)

2 Enquirer-Sun - Story 4-26-22 of Letter to Army of Tennessee from Women of Columbus 2-4-1900

3 Confederate Monument-Salisbury Park

4 A. O. Blackmar Columns

5 Abram M. Mordecai, An Old Indian Trader, Enquirer 2-22-1843

6 Enquirer-Sun 11-23-21 Article by W. H. Tucker about establishment of the Enquirer-Sun

7 Military returns - Fort Mitchell Aug. 1825- Apr. 1840

8 Capers - Crowell Controversy and Asbury Mission

9 Columbusand the Civil War

10 Spanish Fort Apalachicola

11 Capers - Crowell Controversy

12 Reminiscences of Columbus by John E. Lamar

13 Georgia Forts

14 Springer Opera House 1871

15 The Christian Commonwealth

16 Chronology of Columbus 1895-1896

17 History of Auburn, Alabama by Mary E. Reese

18 Letters of John Floyd

19 Genealogy and History of Lamar and related families

20 News Articles of The Woolfolk, Camp, and Milton Controversy

21 Archaeological Exploration of Fort Mitchell

22 Marriages and Deaths from The Columbus Enquirer, 1835-1836

23 The Columbus Guards. A subscriber excerpt to certain statements in recent sketch in Enquirer-Sun, April 2, 1892

24 Local record and what it brought for the Year 1900; Compiled by T.J. Peddy

25 1830 Census - Residents of Muscogee County

Box 2

1 Creek Letters 1817-1818

2 Creek Letters 1819

3 Creek Letters 1831, Jan-Jun

4 Creek letters 1832, Jul-Dec

5 Creek Letters 1833, Jan-Jun

6 Creek Letters 1833, Jul-Dec

7 Creek Letters 1834, Jan-Jun

8 Creek Letters 1834, Jul-Dec

9 Creek Letters 1835, Jul-Dec

10 Creek Letters 1835, Jan-Jun

11 Creek Letters 1836, Jan-Feb

12 Creek Letters 1836, Mar-Apr

13 Creek Letters 1836, May-Jun

14 Creek Letters 1836, Jul-Dec

15 Creek Letters 1837, Jan-Jun

16 Creek Letters 1837, Jul-Dec

17 Creek Letters 1838-1841

18 Creek Letters 1842

19 Creek Letters 1843-1849

20 Summary of Letters

21 Miscellaneous Letters

Box 3

1 Steamboats Miscellaneous

2 Steamboats 1832-1860

3 Steamboats 1861-1870

4 Steamboats 1871-1877

5 Steamboats 1878

6 Steamboats 1879

7 Steamboats 1880

8 Steamboats 1881

9 Steamboats 1883

10 Steamboats 1884

11 Steamboats 1886

12 Steamboats 1887

13 Steamboats 1888

14 Staemboats 1889

15 Steamboats 1890

16 Steamboats 1891

17 Steamboats 1892

18 Steamboats 1893

19 Steamboats 1894

20 Steamboats 1895

21 Steamboats 1896

22 Steamboats 1897

23 Steamboats 1898

24 Steamboats 1899

25 Steamboats 1900

26 Steamboats 1901

27 Steamboats 1902

Box 4

1 Creek Letters Table of Contents

2 Creek Letters 1800-1816

3 Creek Letters 1820

4 Creek Letters 1821

5 Creek Letters 1822

6 Creek Letters 1823

7 Creek Letters 1824

8 Creek Letters 1825, Jan-May

9 Creek Letters 1825, June

10 Creek Letters 1825, July

11 Creek Letters 1825, Aug-Sep

12 Creek Letters 1825, Oct-Dec

13 Creek Letters 1826, Jan-May

14 Creek Letters 1826, Jun-Dec

15 Creek Letters 1827

16 Creek Letters 1828

17 Creek Letters 1829

18 Creek Letters 1830

19 Creek Letters 1831

20 Creek War 1835

21 Creek War 1836, Jan-Jun

22 Creek War 1836, Jul-Dec

23 Creek War 1837