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CSU Archives

Neal and Greene, Architects, Drawings (MC 81)

Organizational Note

The parent firm of this collection was an architectural firm begun by Thomas Firth Lockwood, Sr. Lockwood, Sr. was born on 11 June, 1867 in Trenton, New Jersey. His parents were C. F. Lockwood and Josephine Firth Lockwood, both born in England. He died 7 April, 1920. Upon his death his son, T. Firth Lockwood, Jr. took over the business. Lockwood, Jr. was born in October of 1894 and died on 30 June, 1963. He presumably ran the architectural firm until Neal and Greene took it over. The business was dissolved in 1984.

Scope and Content

This collection contains over two thousand plans of structure designs, renovations, and additions to buildings, mostly in and around Columbus, Georgia. Other unique drawings are also present in the collection, including a bookcase design and cannon ball mounts. A number of surveys and maps have been integrated within the collection. At times this appears to be an odd match, but it was determined to be the best method of storage and tracking of these items so they were included. Most of the works were made under T. Firth Lockwood Jr. and James Joseph Walton Biggers Sr., but several other architects, draftsmen, and surveyors appear and include: Charles F. Hickman, John C. Martin Jr., Roy D. Murphy, Lorin D. Raines, E. Orin Smith, Ross O. Baldwin Jr., Lewis A. Scarbrough, Edward W. Neal, Donald G. Crisp Jr., Hugh McMath, M. J. Blackmon Jr., and others. The dates for the plans range from the 1910s to the 1980s.

The collection is divided into several groups:

Lockwood- These drawings use the original numbering system that starts around 500 and are sequentially numbered. The dates roughly correspond with the number.

Biggers- These drawings use their original numbering system. This collection works with four digit numbers. The first two numbers represent the year while the second two numbers roughly correspond to the order drawn or created.

FB- These are the drawings and surveys relating to Fort Benning.

JB- These drawings are connected with J. J. W. Biggers Sr., but did not possess the original numbering system. These drawings include many of the joint efforts Biggers was involved in as well as firms labeled by multiple architects.

M- The Miscellaneous grouping contains many unnumbered plans and material that does not relate to other groups. Some drawings from Biggers and Lockwood as well as other architects can be found in this section as well as many surveys by McMath and Blackmon Jr.

MS- The maps and surveys comprise this group. A considerable amount of this group contains maps that have the schools and districts labeled as well as varying other statistics and information about the schools written on maps.

SD- The Muscogee County School District has its own group. These are plans and drawings for schools, administrative buildings, and surveys of plots.

TL- These drawings are connected with three architects from the Lockwood Family, T. Firth Sr., T. Firth Jr. and Frank. Frank and T. Firth Sr. worked together briefly as a firm known as Lockwood Brothers.

The box contains:

  1. “The American Architect” September 25, 1912
  2. HABS Photographs 1933
  3. Georgia Preservation Conference 1964
  4. Georgia Preservation Conference 1972
  5. Information on the Pemberton House
  6. Information on the Slade House
  7. Information on the Wildwood House
  8. Information on the Woolfolk House (Five Oaks)
  9. Photographs and Negatives of the Woolfolk House
  10. Historic American Buildings Inventory
  11. Miscellaneous

The plans and drawings within this collection are searchable using an Access Database available in the Archives. When this database was created, they attempted to capture several key pieces of data:

-Date, this is usually the date when the drawings were made. In cases of multiple sheets in a set the date taken was either the oldest or the most common, although not necessarily in all cases.

-Architectural Firm, this entails the company or firm that produced the drawing. The term architectural is not always accurate as several pieces in the collection are actually surveys or maps.

-Subject, this area lists the title or purpose of the plans. Additions and alterations are listed in the beginning, while the end is generally the client for whom the drawings were made.

-Location, names the town or county where the subject is located. Most are in Columbus, Georgia, but many come from southern Georgia or eastern Alabama. Some drawings which noted the specific neighborhood in which residences were built have been mentioned within the database.

- Drawer, these are the physical locations of the drawings. Presently only drawings placed in the smaller cabinets are designated with a drawer listing. However, the drawers are labeled with the numbers and those contained within boxes are labeled with the numbered contents, so finding the drawings is a relatively easy process. The actual drawer locations have not been added, because the drawers are expected to be relabeled.

1910s-1980s 2 map cases, 1 box

Permission to Publish

Permission to publish material from the Neal and Greene, Architects, Drawings Collectionmust be obtained from the Columbus State University Archives at Columbus State University. Use of the following credit line for publication or exhibit is required:

Neal and Greene, Architects, Drawings Collection (MC 81)
Columbus State University Archives
Columbus, Georgia


These materials were donated to the Archives by Edward W. Neal in May of 1984 when the firm of Neal and Green divided into two firms. The parent firm had apparently been that of T. Firth Lockwood originally until his death in the 1960s.

Note to Researchers

See also:

Pound and Flowers, Architects, Drawings (MC 80)

J.J.W. Biggers, Sr. Collection (MC 84)

Tips for searching: The best way to search is using the subject because both name and company involved can be searched as well as the name of the building (assuming it has one, houses are generally listed as residence if it is assumed or known that the client actually lived at that location). Architectural firm searches are only useful if it for an architect less prevalent in the collection such as Raines or Hickman. Also note that the specific draftsman who many have physically drawn the plan is not credited in the database. Additionally, because people like Raines and E. O. Smith were draftsmen with larger firms like Lockwood's prior to becoming architects on their own, in some instances attempting to search for their drawings is futile if the actual plans were created under a larger firm. Location is always important to note when searching, but is only useful when searching for a site that is not Columbus or Phenix City. Also since some neighborhoods are listed in the database it is possible to find some houses located in specific areas, but not always. When searching use the “find” option by selecting the particular subject heading and right clicking. Adjust the "whole field" window which is the second changeable area below the text fields. Searching the whole field assumes that what you are searching for is the only thing in the field, so make it just a part of the subject. It is important to use key words such as a name or a company and not a general term like house, building, or residence. Unfortunately because some drawings were partially labeled and others are in poor shape and have sustained damage, not all drawings have the complete information. If a drawing with incomplete information is used, and the researcher finds something such as a date in an obscure area, then make a note of the information and inform an archival worker for a possible update of the database.