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CSU Archives

W. O. Tuggle Collection (MC 21)


Biographical Note

William Orrie Tuggle was born September 25,1841 in Henry County, Georgia near McDonough. He enlisted in the Confederate Army at LaGrange in Company B of the Georgia 4th Infantry Regiment on April 16, 1861. He was discharged on July 9, 1862 and joined General Morgan's Brigade. The year the War ended he passed the bar and married Margaret Antoinette Cox. He practiced law inLaGrange, Georgia and became active in politics, advocating both Georgia and Indian claims against the federal government, as well as becoming a pioneer folklorist. In the 1880s he went to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and recorded the myths, traditions and ceremonies of the Creeks and Yuchi, former inhabitants of the Chattahoochee Valley. He died February 3, 1885 at Thomasville,Georgia and is buried in LaGrange.


Scope and Contents

This collection contains correspondence concerning the disposition of those papers of W. O. Tuggle which were not deposited with the U.S. government after his expeditions among the Creeks and Yuchi in the 1880s, as well as materials generated during the publication of a journal article and a monograph, Shem, Ham & Japheth: the papers of W. O. Tuggle, comprising his Indian Diary, sketches & observations, myths & Washington Journal in the territory & at the Capital, 1879, both by Eugene Current Garcia and Dorothy B. Hatfield and published in 1961 and 1973, respectively.

1879-1969 1 box (.5 l.f.)


Permission to Publish

Permission to publish material from the W. O. Tuggle Collection must be obtained from the Columbus State University Archives. Use of the following credit line for publication or exhibit is required:

W.O. Tuggle Collection (MC 21)
Columbus State University Archives
Columbus, Georgia


Note to Researchers

See also:

Joseph B. Mahan Collection (MC 32)

Institute for the Study of American Cultures (ISAC) Collection (MC 134)


Box and Folder List

Box 1

Folder 1 – Biographical information on W.O. Tuggle. 1879-1960s.

Folder 2 – Direct Taxes Compilation by W.O. Tuggle. Printed as Senate Executive Document Number 24, 46th Congress, 1st Session. This document details the claims of the state of Georgia against the Federal Government for $72,296.94 advanced by the state to the federal government for the suppression of the Creek, Seminole and Cherokee Indians. 1879

Folder 3 – Correspondence concerning the disposition of W. O Tuggle's manuscript, from and to Dr. Joseph B. Mahan, 1960-1969.

Folder 4 – William Orrie Tuggle and the Creek Indian Folk Tales, by Dorothy Blackmon Hatfield and Eugene Current-Garcia (photocopy). Southern Folklore Quarterly, vol. XXV, no. 4, December, 1961.