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Columbus Museum of Arts and Sciences Collection (MC 9)

Columbus Museum of Arts and Sciences Collection (MC 9)


Scope and Content 

These materials include: city and county records; family papers; business-related materials; Civil War records; military records; biographical sketches; transportation records; records of local institutions such as The Bradley Theater, Fort Benning, Historic Columbus Foundation; various textile mills; and notable local people such as poet and physician Francis Orray Ticknor, Tom Darby, the Benning Family, the Boykin Family, a riverboat pilot named Will Carpenter, and others. Most of the photographs were separated from the collection and placed in the Photograph/Slide Collection, which has its own on-line index.

Dates: 1790-1971               8 boxes (4 l.f.)

Permission to Publish

Permission to publish material from the Columbus Museum Collection must be obtained from the Columbus State University Archives. Use of the following credit line for publication or exhibit is required:

Columbus Museum Collection, MC 9
Columbus State University Archives
Columbus, Georgia


These materials were transferred from the Columbus Museum to the Columbus State University Archives in 1975, by Joseph B. Mahan, Jr., who was the curator of the Columbus Museum.

Box and Folder List

Box 1

Folder 1 – Boykin Family Record – Photostatic copy of a typescript family tree, done by Lex B. Owens of the Alabama Department of Archives and History (1953).

Folder 2 – BradleyTheatre – Pamphlet entitled The Development of the Theatre: Synopsis of Studios Made for Creation of Mural in the Bradley Theater, Columbus, Georgia (n.d.)

Folder 3 – Collier, Barron – Newspaper clippings about the life and career of Barron G. Collier (1873-1939), advertising executive, hotelier, philanthropist, property developer and the largest land-owner in Florida. Folder includes a copy of The Journalist (vol. 36, no. 2 of October 29, 1904) with a profile of Collier, an issue of American Mutual Magazine of the mid-1920s, and a copy of How is Business in the United States? by Barron Collier (1927?).

Folder 4 – Fort Benning – A copy of the Benning Herald, vol. 3, No. 45 (March 2, 1934); 2 newspaper clippings from the 1920s, and three photographs from the mid-1920s, showing the Children's School, tents and trucks

Folder 5 – Georgia League of Historical Societies – Newsletters and conference materials (1968-1969). .

Folder 6 – Columbus, City of, Land Deeds – Letter from Joseph B. Mahan, Jr. to M. R. Hemperly, GA Surveyor General's Department, Archives and History Building (April 15, 1968), requesting copies of Columbus-related land grants. There are also multiple copies of a two-page list of names, presumably those for which copies ere requested.

Folder 7 – Columbus, Georgia, General – Alphabetical list of burials in Linwood Cemetery (n.d.); burial lists for Ft. Benning Cemeteries ( n.d.); burial list for Mt. Zion Baptist Church Cemetery on Double Churches Road (n.d.); notes of a conversation with Tom Darby, one of the authors of the Columbus Stockade Blues and other songs (November 8, 1966); clippings with obituaries of another author of the Stockade Blues, John “Jimmy” Tariton (1977), program of the Columbus Centennial, 1828-1928, April 25-26-27, (1928); a copy of the Constitution and By-laws of the Country Club of Columbus (July 27, 1929); program for the formal opening of Columbus College (January 6, 1963); program for St. Elmo, a dance to Remembered Music, adapted from a novel by August Evans Wilson (1965?); program of events, Centennial Year of Public Education in Columbus, Muscogee County, GA 1867-1967 (1968); typed list of Citizens of Columbus, Georgia 1840 with a note “subscribers to bank” (n.d.); school dedications; and newspaper clippings.

Folder 8 – Columbus, General History – Pamphlet titled Pictures from the South's Oldest Industrial City (1920s); itinerary of trip from Dawson to Columbus and on to Goat Rock Dam, Bartlett's Ferry and the Georgia-Auburn Game (November 6-7, 1925); a photograph of Mrs. Clifford B. Grimes; newspaper clippings (1890s, 1920s); list of members of the Ladies' Memorial Association, Columbus, Georgia (n.d.).

Folder 9 – Fifteenth Amendment Notice of Ratification – This is the official notice ofGeorgia's ratification, signed by Governor Rufus Bullock and sent to the governor ofNevada(February 2, 1870). The document was a gift to theColumbusMuseumby LeGrand Elebash, Jr.

Folder 10 – Diary of W. T. Godard – This transcript of the diary covers from June 7th, 1881 through November, 1885. William Thomas Godard (1838-1908) was a farmer, Confederate soldier and Primitive Baptist preacher. In addition to the diary, there are transcripts of two lengthy letters from 1885 relating to church matters, and a list of accounts with W. H. Head of Milner, in Pike County,Georgia (1881-1885). There is also a letter from Mary Godard concerning the donation of these transcripts to theColumbusMuseum, and mentioning that the original had been laminated and filmed by the Georgia Department of Archives and History.

Folder 11 – Literature-Local – Included are a newspaper clipping relating to Johnson Hooper, the author of The Adventures of Simon Suggs (June 19, 1927) and a copy of the address delivered by Miss Mildred Lewis Rutherford of Athens, Georgia, the Historian General of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, 1911-1916, titled The Civilization of the Old South: What Made It: What Destroyed It: What has Replaced It. The address was presented at the Municipal Hall in Dallas,Texas (November 9, 1916).

Folder 12 – Historical Columbus Foundation – Newsletters, correspondence, meeting agendas (1967-1970)

Box 2

Folder 1 – Blanchard, Thomas E.–Diary – Typescript of the diary of Thomas Eliel Blanchard (b. 1840) of Columbus, Georgia. Its dates are November 29, 1860 to February 18, 1861. The main events mentioned are Blanchard's feelings for an unnamed local girl, the secession of Georgia, and his participation as a member of the Columbus Guards in the inauguration of Jefferson Davis in Montgomery. There is also a typescript of a letter (December 1, 1864) from the Camp of the 46th Georgia Regt near Franklin, Tennessee addressed to “Mother” and signed only “Gus” which describes a battle near Franklin.

Folder 2 – Boyd Letters – Typescripts of Civil War letters, mostly from Casper W. Boyd (1836-1862), who served with company I of the 15thAlabama. The letters begin in 1861 with descriptions of camp life. There are also letters from his brother, James A. E. Boyd. There are several letters relating to Casper Boyd's death at Charlottesville,VA in June of 1862, as well as correspondence relating to placing the name of Casper Boyd on the Confederate States of America Roll of Honour in 1915.

Folder 3 – Collection of Letters to Miss Jennie Smith – These are typescripts of letters to Miss E. J. Smith from various Confederate solders from 1862 to 1865. The correspondents include: James A. Maddox, of the 20th Georgia Regiment; G. A. Weldon of the Army of the Potomac; her fiancé, A. S. Cameron; William T Johnson; and Julius E. Edmonds, Company K of the 40th Georgia Regiment. These men describe action inVirginia at Richmond, Yorktown,Manassas and Centerville; and in Maryland,South Carolina and Georgia.

Folder 4 – Jefferson Davis Letters – Photocopies and typescripts of 5 letters from Jefferson Davis to Benjamin Milner Blackburn, editor of The Madisonian, a newspaper published in Madison,Georgia. They are all written from Beauvoir,Mississippi and range in date from 1881 to 1883. A note indicates that the originals are owned by Antoinette B. Rust (Mrs. Ernest Rust) of Columbus,Georgia.

Folder 5 – Marriage Books A & B, Muscogee County (Georgia) – A typescript index of marriages, in order by last name of groom, covering the years 1838-1859. It was prepared by Mrs. E. Ross Malloy, historian of the Lizzie Rutherford Chapter of the UDC of Columbus, Georgia.

Folder 6 – Miscellaneous Papers of Thomas J. Hand – Typescript of various documents (1848-1867) mainly relating to the service of Thomas J. Hand in the Mexican-American War and as a Confederate soldier.

Folder 7 – 1857 Diary of a Southern Plantation– This diary/account book was kept by John V. Lester from January 1, 1857 through December 22, 1857. The typescript was made by Mrs. H. Ross Malloy, UDC historian, from the original in the possession of Mrs. Thomas P. Reaves, Jr., of Columbus,Georgia.

Folder 8 – Nine Union Letters – These are typescripts of nine letters written by two Union soldiers, A. C. Whitney and T. Howard from November 20, 1862 through July 23, 1865. The originals are in the possession of Mrs. Henry E. Thomas of Columbus, Georgia.

Folder 9 – Organization of C. S. Naval Iron Works Battalion, Columbus, Ga.—Typescript of the roster of the Iron Works, owned by Miss Joan Warner, granddaughter of the commanding officer, Maj. James H. Warner. Also a brief typescript biography of William Fee (1832-1892) who served in the C.S. Naval Iron Works Battalion during the Civil War, and afterwards was a fireman, plumber, tinsmith and business owner.

Folder 10 – Storey Papers – Typescript of the Civil War reminiscences of E. M. Johnson, dictated to his daughters in 1916. Also includes a series of letters of Samuel Graham Claytor (1814-1881), spanning April 1862 until March 1864. The typescript is by Mrs. H. Ross Malloy from papers in the possession of Mrs. W. Edward Story of Columbus,Georgia.

Folder 11 – Papers of Major James H. Warner – Typescript synopsis of Major Warner's career in both the U.S. Navy and the C.S.A. navy and his death in 1866; detailed technical information about the USS Richmond, especially the casting of its propeller (1856); a list of articles required by the Engineers Department of the USS Richmond (June 23, 1860) and newspaper clippings concerning his murder and funeral (February, 1866).

Box 3

Folder 1 –Columbus Fire Department – Act of Incorporation and By-Laws of Columbus Fire Company No. 1 (1890); Charter, By-Laws and Act of Exemption of Rescue Hook & Ladder Co. No. 1, Columbus, Georgia (1877); photograph of “Old No. 4 Fire Station” with the first fire truck in Columbus (1920s); newspaper clippings related to the centenary of the Columbus Fire Department (1973); speech given to the Lions Club (August 11, 1937) detailing the history of the Fire Department and some of the notable fires it had fought; Daily Report Central Fire Alarm Station (April, 1927)

Item 2 – Logbook of Fire Station No. 5 (Feb, 1906-August, 1912)

Box 4

Folder 1 – Columbus Newspapers – Correspondence relating to the transfer of the Columbus Ledger Enquirer back files to the Columbus Museum. The rest of the box contains empty folders, the contents of which were removed from the box in 1998 and placed in map file cases. (April, 1967)

Box 5

Folder 1 – Thomas, Edward Lloyd, Surveyor of Columbus, Georgia – Reprint of an article by John H. Goff published in Vol. 18, Summer 1962, No. 2 of the Emory University Quarterly

Folder 2 – Columbus Commissioners' Report and Surveyor's Field Notes, 1828 – Typescript and photocopy of the minutes of the Board of Commissioners for the Town of Columbus (1828) and a photocopy of the surveyor's field notes of his survey of “the Reservation at the Cowetah Fall on the Chattahoochee River, and also of the Town of Columbus, commencing 30th of January1828”. The photocopies were made by the Surveyor General Department, Office of Secretary of State, Archives and Records Building, Atlanta, in 1966.

Folder 3 – Surveyors, Jefferson letter – Photocopy and typescript of a letter held at the Georgia Department of Archives and History from Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State, regarding an “act relative to Western Territory” (April 6, 1790); a typescript of E. L. Thomas' field notes of his survey of Columbus (January 30, 1828 through May 15, 1828); and sample photocopies of the original of the notes, from the Surveyor General Department, Georgia Secretary of State.

Folder 4 – Memoirs & Genealogy of Robert Archelaus Hardaway – This is a 281 page typescript of information regarding Robert Archelaus Hardaway (b. 1829), who owned a cotton plantation in Macon, Alabama and fought in the Mexican-American War and later with Confederate Army. His 30-page memoirs describe the outlines of his life, his family, travels, his early years in Columbus, Georgia, his purchase of a cotton plantation in Macon County, Alabama (later Bullock County), his service in the Mexican-American War and action in Mexico, his return to Columbus to live in 1859, his experiences as a Confederate officer in the Civil War, and life after the war when he was a professor of Civil Engineering and Commandant of the Cadets of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of the State of Alabama , later Auburn University (1872-1881). The rest of the typescript consists of copies of mentions of R. A. Hardaway in military records of the Civil War; civil documents and newspaper accounts of him, and a detailed genealogy of the Hardaway family. (See also MC 203 – Hardaway Family Collection and MC 256 Robert E. Hardaway Collection for related Hardaway materials.)

Folder 5 – Hardaway's Battery – Contains a photo static copy of pages from Company Book of Captain R. A. Hardaway of the Independent Light Infantry, later changed to Hardaway's Battery and later known as Hurt's Battery, as well as reprints of Columbus newspaper articles with Hardaway's account of the Battle of Bull Run. (1861-1864)

Box 6

Folder 1 – Turner's Contribution to Union Effort – A research paper for a history class in 1961 by William Paul Kreil titled The American Turners' Contribution to the Union Effort During the Civil War, concerning the actions of the American Turners, an offshoot of a German political organization which mainly fought on the Union side during the Civil War.

Folder 2 – Civil War Centennial – Newsletters of the Georgia Civil War Centennial Commission (1962).

Folder 3 – Diplomacy—Bibliography – A Bibliography of Civil War Diplomacy, prepared by John P. Posey. (October, 1958)

Folder 4 – Lincoln, Abraham – Clipping from People's Popular Monthly containing an eye-witness account of Lincoln's assassination. (February, 1927)

Folder 5 – Davis, Jefferson – A very fragile copy of the Memphis Appeal account of the death of Jefferson Davis. (December 15, 1889)

Folder 6 – Ledger-Enquirer Centennial Edition – A copy of the Civil War Centennial edition of April 16, 1961.

Box 7

Folder 1 – Shilling, Andrews Bernhardt data on photograph of Civil War Unit, Southern Rights Battery

Folder 2 – Biography of Bradley Family – A mimeographed copy of Elizabeth Bradley Turner's reminiscences of the Bradley family history. (n.d.)

Folder 3 – Roads-St. Mary's Market Road – Correspondence relating to inconclusive attempts to identify the route of this road. (January- May, 1950)

Folder 4 – Contracts-Rent – Includes two documents (1888) relating to a disputed rental contract between Matt H. Tuggle and Asher A. Bivins, acting for his fellow heirs to the property at 97 Broad Street and a deed made between Samuel K. Hodges and David F. Ward, signed September 3, 1835 and recorded May 20, 1841.

Folder 5 – Sickles, Major General Daniel-Biography – A biographical sketch of Sickles, submitted by Maj. Lawrence L. Mowery. (n.d.)

Folder 6 – Johnson, James, Governor of Georgia – Correspondence relating to biographical information of James Johnson, who was appointed Provisional Governor of Georgia by President Andrew Johnson, serving from June until December of 1865. Includes two photographs of Dr. Joseph B. Mahan and Joseph E. Williams at Johnson in LinwoodCemetery (1971)

Folder 7 – Photo of Civil War Unit, Southern Rights Battery – The photo has been separated from the Columbus Museum Collection and is now number 8-31 in the Photograph Collection. It identifies Captain Joe Palmer of the Harris Artillery as one of the subjects. (1860s)

Folder 8 – Ticknor, Dr. Francis O. – Items relating to Dr. Francis Orray Ticknor (1822-1879) and his Civil War poetry. Includes discussion of his inspiration for the poem, Little Giffen of Tennessee (1960-1961), a typescript of some of his unpublished poetry, and both the original and a typescript of a letter from Frank Nelson to his brother William Nelson. (1852)

Folder 9 – Snider, Charles A. – Items relating to Charles Albert Snider (b.1867) in Girard, Alabama. Includes a clipping from the Columbus Ledger (June 29, 1904) regarding plans for new reservoirs, a Canadian patent for improvements in nozzles (August 7, 1897), a U.S. patent (February 4, 1902) with designs and photographs, and a business card of Snider's, identifying him as “the inventor and owner of the Chainless Front-Geared Safety Bicycle”.

Box 8

Item 1 – Box containing material of General Henry L. Benning and family – Includes Colonial Dames of America badges for Anna Caroline Benning and Mary Howard Benning, Anna Carolina Benning's badge from the organization Sovereign Colonial Society: Americans of Royal Descent and a pin with "Pocahontas 1595-1616" on it. Also includes a transmittal letter for a Memorial of General Henry L. Benning as well as the lengthy Memorial itself. (February 7, 1876)

Folder 1 – Documents Relating to the Battle of Columbus – Note cards with some hand-drawn maps and a photo of E. M. Averett in front of the Rankin House, April 26, 1905?) and a clipping from the Sunday Ledger-Enquirer Magazine (April 11, 1965)

Folder 2 – Civil War Paper and Envelopes – Mostly unused, and made in Columbus,Georgia during the Civil War.

Folder 3 – Misc. Documents relating to Battle of Columbus – Newspaper advertisement regarding land in Venezuela offered for sale to southern planters seeking to emigrate and an invoice from Thomas Gilbert & Co. of Columbus to Henry M. Price for 82 dollars for running the ad (January 18, 1865); a letter from Dr. Joseph B. Mahan regarding the timing of the Battle of Columbus (August 21, 1958)

Folder 4 – Scripts from the Muscogee, Swift, Hamburger, and Eagle & Phenix mills. (1893)

Folder 5 – Misc. Information on Steamboats on the Chattahoochee – Statement of business and settlement of accounts of the steamer Shamrock (June 18, 1868) and a newspaper clipping with an interview with Will Carpenter, a retired Chattahoochee riverboat pilot (1950s?)

Folder 6 – Misc. articles on Dr. John Gorrie (1803-1855) – Newspaper clippings regarding Dr. Gorrie, physician and inventor of the ice machine. (November 30, 1913)

Oversize Drawer

Item 1 – Certificate honoring A.B. Schilling by the "Social, Literary, Historical and Benevolent" organization of the United Confederate Veterans, April 2, 1911.